Japanese Language and Literature: Style Sheets


Authors of articles on literature and of book reviews should refer to JLL's Style Sheet for Literature Manuscripts.

Authors of articles on linguistics and language pedagogy should refer to JLL's Style Sheet for Linguistics and Language Manuscripts.


Authors of articles on linguistics and language pedagogy should follow, in general, the Chicago Manual of Style. Please do not use APA style.

Use endnotes rather than footnotes. Use the word processing software's function to place endnote markers (raised numerals) and place them only at the end of sentences. Use consecutive Arabic numerals to number all notes. Acknowledgements should appear as an unnumbered note at the beginning of an endnote section.

In preparing lists of references, please follow the examples below and note the following points:

1. Give the names of authors and editors as they actually appear in the works cited. Use initials only when they appear in the cited work, as in item 5.

2. Use three em-dashes for the second and all subsequent works by the same author, as in item 4.

3. You may provide English translations of non-English titles in parentheses, as in item 11, but if you choose to do so, do so consistently for all non-English titles.

4. Identify an unpublished manuscript as in item 15. Do not bother to specify the type of reproduction (mimeograph, photocopy, etc.).

5. If a journal that appears more than once a year paginates each issue starting with page 1, include the issue number in parentheses after the volume number, as in item 16.

1 Bogdan, David. 1998. Tense, aspect, and narrative organization in Polish and Japanese. Ph.D. diss., University of Florida.

2 Brown, Penelope, and Stephen C. Levinson. 1987. Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

3 Cameron, Deborah. 1990. The feminist critique of language: A reader. New York: Routledge.

4 ———. 1992. Feminism and linguistic theory, 2nd ed. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

5 Catford, J. C. 1977. Fundamental problems in phonetics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

6 Eco, Umberto. 1995. The search for a perfect language. Trans. James Fentress. Oxford: Blackwell.

7 Hudson, Mutsuko Endo. 2004. Review of Cambridge Intermediate Japanese, by Haruko Laurie and Richard Bowring. Japanese Language and Literature 38:355–357.

8 Ide, Sachiko, and Naomi H. McGloin, eds. 1990. Aspects of Japanese women’s language. Tokyo: Keizai tsūshinsha.

9 Jurafsky, Daniel. 1996. Universal tendencies in the semantics of the diminutive. Language 72:533–578.

10 Kano, Chieko, Yuri Shimizu, Hiroko Takenaka, and Eriko Ishii. 1989. Basic kanji book, vol. 1. Tokyo: Bonjinsha.

11 Kindaichi, Haruhiko. 1957. Nihongo (The Japanese language). Tokyo: Iwanami shoten.

12 Levy, Robert I. 1984. Emotion, knowing and culture. Culture theory: Essays on mind, self and emotion, ed. by Richard A. Shweder and Robert A. Levine, 214–237. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

13 Matsuda, Yuki. 2001. Predication and discourse functions of focusing in Japanese. Paper presented at the 11th Japanese/Korean Linguistics Conference, 29 June, Santa Barbara, California.

14 Nagahara, Hiroyuki. 1995. Phonological phrasing in Japanese. Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1994. Abstract in Dissertation Abstracts International 55:2812-A.

15 Okamoto, Kayoko. 1997. Sūji de arawasareru gengo: Pokeberu kotoba to nendai anki no goroawase o hikaku shite. Manuscript.

16 Ozawa, Atsuo, and Yukimasa Nomura. 1981. The effects of discrimination and decoding process on the reading of kanji and kana script in young children. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology 29(3):12–18.

17 Ryukyuans (Okinawans). http://www.minorityrights.org/5363/japan/ ryukyuans-okinawans.html, accessed June 10, 2014.